This is a bill to replace the Juvenile Justice Act of 2000 which was enacted to implement the mandate of Convention on Child rights which enjoined upon state parties not to treat juvenile offenders (person below 18 years) as adults. The Act of 2000 is in line with this mandate but the proposed bill provide a scheme to treat children belonging to age group of 16-18 years as adults on basis of nature of the offence committed and severity of punishment provided thereof. Accordingly offences have been categorized as henious offences, serious offences and petty offences. it is pertinent here to mention that same has been done in wake of public reaction aftermath Nirbhaya case in India in which a juvenile was one of the six accused. And to substantiate its reasoning the National Crime Records Bureau data has been cited which shows that 16-18 year olds accused of crimes as a percentage of all juveniles accused of crimes increased from 54% to 66%. The standing committee of parilament has noted that the said data is misleading as same is based upon FIRs lodged rather than convictions secured. The Bill has been passed by upper house (Rajya Sabha) of parliament. many have criticized the above mentioned changes in the Act for being violative of Article 14, Article 20 of Indian Constitution.
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